《材料科学与技术》教学大纲
发布时间: 2012-03-27 浏览次数: 131

The Science and Technology of Materials Syllabus

Ⅰ Course Name:

The Science and Technology of Materials

Ⅱ Class Hour Distribution:

Total class hour: 48 class hours.      

Theoretical classes: 32class hours;

Experimental classes: 12 Class hours; 

Discussion classes: 4 class hours.

Ⅲ Course level

Course Property: Professional and basic course

Major Applied: Major of civil engineering

EditorXushijun

RevisorLvping

Course Introduction

Purposes and Tasks of the Course

This curriculum is a technical and basic course for the civil engineering major. The purposes and tasks are to contact closely with the engineering practices and introduce the basic thoughts, theories and methods on the foundation of the Engineering Chemistry and Material Mechanics; to cultivate the capacity of researching on the material problems by applying synthetically physical concepts and chemical principles; to underlay a solid foundation for the successor courses. Moreover, via making use of the material theory system and the agility of the application, to foster the logistic thinking ability, abstracting and predigesting capability, practical application capacity and the primary competence for research and innovation.

Basic Requirements On the Course

To make the students grasp the technical performances, categories, specifications, application scopes, testing methods and the storage and transformation of the main materials in the civil engineering so that they can choose the materials reasonably in the design and use the materials correctly in the construction. Also, the knowledge above provides the successor courses with basic theories and basic knowledge about Civil Engineering Materials.

Teaching Contents of the Course

Outline

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Sector

To grasp the civil engineering materials concept; to acquaint the students with the classifications and developmental trend of civil engineering materials, to comprehend the status and functions of the engineering materials in social developments and civil engineering; to understand the relationships among civil engineering materials, structure and the construction; to realize the main contents and learning methods for this course.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

The concepts and the classifications of the civil engineering materials

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

None

4. Experiments

None

5. Open Exercises

None

Chapter One: Basic Properties

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To grasp the basic physical properties, mechanical properties, water relating properties of materials; to be familiar with the material durability.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concepts, calculation formulae, testing methods of density,apparent density, bulk density, porosity, solidity, voidage and porosityand the relationships among them; the concepts of hydrophilic property(hydrophobic property), water-absorbing quality(hygroscopic)water resistance (softening modulus), anti-permeabilitypermeability modulus; to control basic physical properties, the calculation methods and the experimental methods of intensity; to be familiar with the materials durability.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: basic physical properties, mechanical properties and properties relating to water of the material.

The difficulties: the relationships among the material properties. For example, analyze the material intensity and water-absorbing quality according to the material porosity and its structure.

4. Experiments

Basic properties of the materials: material density,apparent density and water absorption.

5. Open Exercises

See the exercises collection of the engineering material

Chapter Two: Air Hardening Inorganic Binding Materials

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To be familiar with the concept and classification of bindingmaterials; to realize the mechanism, properties and applications of gypsum and lime hydration.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concepts, setting and hardening mechanisms, technical properties, characteristics and the applications of binding materials, air hardening inorganic binding materials, hydraulic binding materials, lime and gypsum.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: the mechanisms of setting and hardening.

The difficulties: none

4. Experiments

None

5. Exercises Class Arrangements

None

Chapter Three: Cement

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To grasp the mineral components, technical properties, quality requirements, characteristics and applications of Portland cement and Portland cement with mineral admixture; to comprehend the reasons and preventative measures of hardened cement paste corrosion; to realize the developmental trends of the cement.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concept of six Portland cements, and also the concepts of fineness, setting, soundness, strength, normal consistency, poor dimensional stability, secondary hydration, and composite materials; to seize the mineral components, setting and hardening mechanisms, technical properties, quality requirements, specialties and applications of Portland cement and Portland cement with mineral admixture; to master the hardened cement paste and defending measures; to hold the peculiarities of cement with mineral admixture and secondary hydration mechanisms.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: the mineral compositions, setting and hardening mechanismstechnical properties and examining means of Portland cement; the erosion and anti-corrosion of the hardened cement paste; the characteristics and exertions of Portland cement; the specialties and secondary hydration mechanisms of mineral admixture; the components, technical properties, characteristics and exertions of Portland cement with mineral admixture.

The difficulties: hydration, setting and hardening mechanisms of Portland cement; both the same and different points in specialties and applications of the six cements.

4. Experiments

Normal consistency,  stability and strength of the cement.

5. Subject Discussions 

The specialties and correctly choosing of the cement.

Chapter four: Ordinary Concrete

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To seize the technical properties of the materials composing the cement concrete; to grasp the concepts, influencing factors and experimental means ofworkability and strength; to be familiar with the concrete mix proportion design and the specialties and applications of common chemical admixture; to hold the meanings, influencing factors and improving measures of the durability; to know of the developmental trends of the concrete and primary advanced concrete.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To hold the concrete concept, particle gradation and finenessrock cubic compressive strength and crushing index, workability (mobility, water retention and viscidity), segregation, bleeding, slump, optimized SP of concrete mixture, concrete cubic compressive strength, standard compressive strength, strength gradation, durability, anti-permeability, frost-resistance, anti-corrosion, carbonation, alkali-aggregate reactionadmixturewater-reducing admixturehardening acceleratingairentraining admixtureset retarder; to master the technical properties of the compositive materials of cement concrete; to be familiar with concrete mix proportion design and the specialties and applications of common admixture.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: technical properties of sand and rock; the concepts, indexes, experimental methods, influencing factors and ameliorative measures of workability, strength and durability; the principles, processes and methods of ordinary concrete mix proportion design; the categories and applications of common admixtures.

The difficulties: sands and rocks grading region and grading curve; the influencing factors and the analysis on the concrete workability, strength and durability.

4. Experiments

Sands gradation, apparent density, bulk density; concrete mixture, slump and strength.

5. Class Arrangements of Project Discussion

Main technical properties and influencing factors of concrete; the engineering applications of the concrete.

Chapter five: Construction Mortar

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To comprehend the properties of masonry mortar.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concepts of masonry mortar mobility (sinking degree), water retentivity (layering degree) and strength; to master the properties of masonry mortar.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: the concepts and indexes of masonry workability and strength; influencing factors on the strength.

The difficulties: none

4. Experiments

None

5. Open Exercise

See the exercise collection of Engineering Materials

Chapter six: Wall Materials

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To comprehend the specialties and developmental trends of the wall materials; to grasp the technical properties and the applications of porous brick and hollow brick; to know of the classifications and properties of common blocks. 

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

Fired brick, non-fired brick, porous brick, hollow brick, concrete small-sized hollow block.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: the properties and applications of porous brick, hollow brick, concrete small-sized block.

4. Experiments

None

5. Open Exercises

See the exercise collection of Engineering Materials

Chapter Seven: Building Steels

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To know of the components, classifications of building steels and the effects the smelting process makes on the steels quality; to grasp mechanical properties, cold working and aging-strengthen of building steels; to hold steels fireproofing and anti-corrosion; to be familiar with the common types, standards and selections of building steels; to seize the developmental trends of building steels.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concepts of carbon steel, alloy steel, yield stress, tensile strength, elongation, codenames, impact toughness, cold shortness, cold bending property, cold working(strengthen), aging(strengthen); to hold the main mechanical properties of building steels; to be familiar with the common types and choosing of building steels; to know of the cold working and aging strengthen.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: tensile propertyimpact toughness, cold bending property of building steels; the standards and selections about the common building steels.

4. Experiments

Steels toughness and cold working strengthen.

5. Open Exercise

See the exercise collection of Engineering Materials

Chapter Eight: Water Proofing Materials

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To grasp the main technical properties of asphalt; to master the characteristics, main properties and selections of new type water proofing materials such as high polymer modified asphalt, synthetic polymer water proof sheet and so on; to be familiar with the categories, properties and applications of common water proofing materials; to know of the developmental trends of water proofing materials.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To grasp the concept, components, colloid structure, cohesion (penetration degree), plasticitytensibility, temperature stabilitysoften point),atmosphere stabilitythe ratio of penetration degree after evaporationthe loss of evaporationand codenames of petroleum asphalt; to hold the concepts of high polymer modified bituminous sheet material, synthetic polymer water proof sheet.

3 Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: technical properties of petroleum asphalt; the characteristics, primary properties and selections about high polymer modified bituminous sheet material and synthetic polymer water proof sheet.

4. Experiments

tensile strength, ductility, impermeability and low temperature flexibility of new type sheet.

5. Open Exercise

See the exercise collection of Engineering Materials

Chapter Nine: Bituminous Mixture

1. Basic Requirements and Sciential Points for This Chapter

To grasp the components and technical properties of bituminous mixture; to realize the basic requirements and methods for mix ratio designof bituminous mixture.

2. Basic Concepts, Theories and Principles Requiring the Students to Grasp

To hold the concepts of stability,flow value, high temperature stability, low temperature crack resistance, durability, skid resistance, constriction workability; to be familiar with the compositive materials and technical properties of bituminous mixture; to comprehend the basic requirements and methods of mix ratio design.

3. Teaching Emphases and Difficulties

The emphases: compositive materials and technical properties of bituminous mixture

4. Experiments

Marshall text: the stability and flow value of bituminous mixture

5. Open Exercise

See the exercise collection of Engineering Materials

Class Hour Arrangements

content

Class teaching

Exercise discussing class

experiment

subtotal

extracurricular class hour

Introduction

1

0

0

1

0

Chapter1

3

0

1

4

2

Chapter2

2

0

 

2

0

Chapter3

6

1

2

9

>6

Chapter4

10

2

6

18

>14

Chapter5

1

0

0

1

1

Chapter6

1

0

0

1

1

Chapter7

3

1

1

5

2

Chapter8

2

0

1

3

3

Chapter9

3

0

1

4

1

TOTAL

32

4

12

48

>30

 

Text Books and Reference Readings:

Text Books :

1. The Science and Technology of Civil Engineering Materials, J.Francis YoungSidney Mindess etc. China Architecture and Building Press, 2008.01

2. Civil Engineering Materials, Hunan University and Other Three Universities, China Architecture and Building Press, 2007.07.

Reference Readings:

1.土木工程材料性能、应用与生态环境.施惠生主编.中国电力出版社,2008

2.土木工程材料.主编董梦臣.中国电力出版社,2008

3.土木工程材料.(第2版)黄晓明, 赵永利,高英编著.东南大学出版社,2007

4.土木工程材料.主编宋少民, 孙凌.武汉理工大学出版社,2006

5.土木工程材料学.葛勇主编.中国建材工业出版社,2007

6.土木工程材料.刘正武主编.同济大学出版社,2005

7.土木工程材料.主编符芳.东南大学出版社,2006

8.土木工程材料.苏达根主编.高等教育出版社.2003

9.土木工程材料.主编陈志源, 李启令.武汉理工大学出版社,2003

10.土木工程材料.西安建筑科技大学编.中国建材工业出版社,2001

11.土木工程材料.彭小芹主编.重庆大学出版社,2002

12.土木工程材料.主编阎西康 ... [].天津大学出版社,2004

13.土木工程材料.吴科如, 张雄主编.同济大学出版社,2003

14.土木工程材料典型题解析及自测试题.张德思主编.西北工业大学出版社,2002

15.FlamingoHiltonAdvanced Composites Materials in Civil Engineering StructuresNew YorkPublished by the American Society of Civil Engineers

16.JacksonNDhirRKCivil Engineering MaterialsLondonThe Macmillan Press LTD1998

17.JacksonNDhirRKCivil Engineering MaterialsLondonThe Macmillan Press LTD1998

18.Budinski KGedEngineering Materials Properties and SelectionNew JerseyPrentice-HallIncEnglewood Cliffs1989.

19.Engineering Materials TechnologyUSAPrentice-HallInc2001

20 .AndresCKSmithRCMaterials of ConstructionNew YorkMcGraw-HillInc1988

21.Engineering Materials TechnologyUSAPrentice-HallInc2001………

An Introduction to the Teaching Outline

This outline will be finished within 48 class hours, but the teacher can make adjustments according to teaching plans of every semester.